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Hydrology 2016, 3(4), 41; doi:10.3390/hydrology3040041

2015 Disastrous Floods in Louisiana, USA, and Assam, India: Groundwater Impact on the Water Balance Estimation

1
Department of Soil Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
2
Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics, Stoletovs Vladimir State University, Vladimir 600000, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Angelica Tarpanelli, Luca Brocca and Mauro Rossi
Received: 26 August 2016 / Revised: 14 November 2016 / Accepted: 15 November 2016 / Published: 21 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Floods and Landslide Prediction)
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Abstract

Traditionally torrential rains are considered as the main factor of flood emergence. With the examples of two disastrous floods in 2015 in absolutely different parts of the world, the authors roughly estimate the water balance and suggest an alternative hypothesis. The simplest model, taking into account precipitation, evaporation and soil permeability, clearly points out the significant discrepancy between potentially accumulated and observed water masses. This observation pushes the idea that precipitation is necessary but not sufficient for disastrous flood emergence, so the only other available water source—groundwater—cannot be ignored. View Full-Text
Keywords: floods; disastrous floods; precipitation; water balance; groundwater; surface water; evaporation; permeability floods; disastrous floods; precipitation; water balance; groundwater; surface water; evaporation; permeability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Trifonova, T.; Trifonov, D.; Arakelian, S. 2015 Disastrous Floods in Louisiana, USA, and Assam, India: Groundwater Impact on the Water Balance Estimation. Hydrology 2016, 3, 41.

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