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ChemEngineering 2018, 2(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering2010010

Test of Two Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage: Determination of the Global Heat Transfer Coefficient

1
CEFT-FEUP—Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, s/n, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
2
INEGI—Instituto de Ciência e Inovação em Engenharia Mecânica e Engenharia Industrial, Campus da FEUP—Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 400, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2017 / Revised: 6 February 2018 / Accepted: 6 March 2018 / Published: 9 March 2018
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Abstract

Laboratory scale experiments on the behaviour of two phase change materials, a salt and a paraffin, during fusion and solidification cycling processes, were accomplished. To do this, a system using thermal oil as the heat transfer carrier was used and the phase change material being tested operated in a fusion and solidification cycle. The heat transfer oil transferred heat to the phase change material during the fusion step and carried heat away from the change phase material during the solidification step. The influence of the mass flow rate of the heat transfer fluid, as well as of its temperature, in the response of the phase change material, was studied. Axial and radial temperature profiles inside the phase change materials were obtained during the experiments and subsequently analysed. From these temperature profiles and through an adequate mathematical treatment, global heat transfer coefficients between the heat transfer oil and the phase change material were determined, as well as average heat transfer coefficients for the phase change materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal energy storage; phase change materials; heat transfer thermal energy storage; phase change materials; heat transfer
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Esteves, L.; Magalhães, A.; Ferreira, V.; Pinho, C. Test of Two Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage: Determination of the Global Heat Transfer Coefficient. ChemEngineering 2018, 2, 10.

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