Next Article in Journal
Comparative Evaluation of Oxidative Stress Modulating and DNA Protective Activities of Aqueous and Methanolic Extracts of Acacia catechu
Previous Article in Journal
Biological Activities of Three Essential Oils of the Lamiaceae Family
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Medicines 2017, 4(3), 64; doi:10.3390/medicines4030064

Literature Review of Research on Chronic Pain and Yoga in Military Populations

1
RTI International, 3040 East Cornwallis Drive, Durham, NC 27709, USA
2
Program on Integrative Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, CB #7200, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
3
Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Barnwell College, P. O. box 124, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
4
Womack Army Medical Center, 2817 Reilly Road, Fort Bragg, NC 28310, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Romy Lauche and Holger Cramer
Received: 28 July 2017 / Revised: 17 August 2017 / Accepted: 25 August 2017 / Published: 1 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Yoga for Chronic Pain)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [250 KB, uploaded 13 September 2017]

Abstract

Background: Although yoga is increasingly being provided to active duty soldiers and veterans, studies with military populations are limited and effects on chronic pain are largely unknown. We reviewed the existing body of literature and provide recommendations for future research. Methods: We conducted a literature review of electronic databases (PubMed, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Conference Proceedings Citation Index—Science, and Conference Proceedings Citation Index—Social Science & Humanities). The studies were reviewed for characteristics such as mean age of participants, sample size, yoga type, and study design. Only peer-reviewed studies were included in the review. Results: The search yielded only six studies that examined pain as an outcome of yoga for military populations. With one exception, studies were with veteran populations. Only one study was conducted with Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) or Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veterans. One study was a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Four of the five studies remaining used pre/post design, while the last study used a post-only design. Conclusions: Studies on the use of yoga to treat chronic pain in military populations are in their infancy. Methodological weaknesses include small sample sizes, a lack of studies with key groups (active duty, OEF/IEF veterans), and use of single group uncontrolled designs (pre/post; post only) for all but one study. Future research is needed to address these methodological limitations and build on this small body of literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic pain; military; yoga chronic pain; military; yoga
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Miller, S.; Gaylord, S.; Buben, A.; Brintz, C.; Rae Olmsted, K.; Asefnia, N.; Bartoszek, M. Literature Review of Research on Chronic Pain and Yoga in Military Populations. Medicines 2017, 4, 64.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Medicines EISSN 2305-6320 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top