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Medicines 2017, 4(3), 50; doi:10.3390/medicines4030050

A Review on Ethno-Medicinal and Pharmacological Activities of Sphenocentrum jollyanum Pierre

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, PMB 4000, Oyo State, Nigeria
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: James D. Adams
Received: 10 June 2017 / Revised: 27 June 2017 / Accepted: 28 June 2017 / Published: 3 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Medicines for Clinical Trial)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1767 KB, uploaded 3 July 2017]   |  

Abstract

Sphenocentrum jollyanum Pierre is a member of a diverse family of plants known as Menispermaceae. They are famous for a plethora of important biological functions. S. jollyanum is a shrub native to the tropical forest zones of West Africa and thrives in deep shade. It is widely cultivated in Cameroun, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Ghana, and Côte d’Ivoire. S. jollyanum is employed in folk medicine as a cure for wounds, fever, coughs, high blood pressure, breast tumor, constipation, and as an aphrodisiac. Phytochemical investigations revealed that the plant is a rich source of secondary metabolites such as annin, alkaloids, saponins, and flavonoids. Pharmacological activities include anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-malarial, angiogenic, and anxiogenic. Thus, this present review summarizes the phytochemical and nutritional constituents and important biological studies on various crude extracts, fractions, and isolated principles of all morphological organs of S. jollyanum. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethno-medicinal uses; pharmacological activities; phytochemical profile; Sphenocentrum jollyanum Pierre ethno-medicinal uses; pharmacological activities; phytochemical profile; Sphenocentrum jollyanum Pierre
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olorunnisola, O.S.; Fadahunsi, O.S.; Adegbola, P. A Review on Ethno-Medicinal and Pharmacological Activities of Sphenocentrum jollyanum Pierre. Medicines 2017, 4, 50.

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