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Medicines 2015, 2(3), 212-219; doi:10.3390/medicines2030212

Treatment of Diabetic Gastroparesis by Complementary and Alternative Medicines

1,2,†
,
2,†
,
1,2
,
1
,
2,* and 1,*
1
Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, 16 Nanxiaojie, Dongzhimennei, Beijing 100700, China
2
School of Acupuncture and Tuina-massage, Changchun University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changchun 130117, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gerhard Litscher
Received: 17 April 2015 / Revised: 8 July 2015 / Accepted: 29 July 2015 / Published: 4 August 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [176 KB, uploaded 4 August 2015]

Abstract

Gastroparesis is a common gastrointestinal complication in diabetes, induced by hyperglycemia and characterized by delayed gastric emptying and upper abdominal symptoms, such asnausea, vomiting, early satiety, bloating and epigastric pain. Diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) affects life quality and glycemic control, and is a challenge to treat in both Western and Eastern medicine. Routine treatment in Western medicine includes gastric emptying promoted by prokinetic agents, gastric pacemaking, or surgery combined with lifetime hormono-therapy, all of which have unavoidable side effects and limitations, and are very expensive. Complementary and alternative medical treatments like acupuncture, moxibustion, and massage are becoming more and more attractive because of their effectiveness, fewer side effects, and reliable safety. This article aims to introduce representative methods of complementary and alternative medicine to treat DGP, which were searched in English through Pubmed and in Chinese through CNKI (China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database). Several lines of evidence demonstrated the effects of single or combined complementary alternative therapies on DGP outcomes; however, the mechanisms were rarely investigated. Randomized controlled trials are undoubtedly required in future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: complementary and alternative medicine; diabetic gastroparesis complementary and alternative medicine; diabetic gastroparesis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, H.; Yu, B.; Zhang, M.; Liu, K.; Wang, F.-C.; Gao, X.-Y. Treatment of Diabetic Gastroparesis by Complementary and Alternative Medicines. Medicines 2015, 2, 212-219.

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