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Toxics 2015, 3(4), 462-480; doi:10.3390/toxics3040462

Glyphosate in Runoff Waters and in the Root-Zone: A Review

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Memphis, 3700 Walker Avenue, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Christos Damalas
Received: 24 September 2015 / Revised: 8 November 2015 / Accepted: 10 November 2015 / Published: 26 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Risk Assessment of Pesticide Exposure)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [684 KB, uploaded 26 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

Glyphosate is the most commonly-used herbicide in the world. The present review summarizes the discovery, prevalence, chemical and physical properties, mode of action and effects in plants, glyphosate resistance and the environmental fate of glyphosate. Numerous studies are reviewed that demonstrate that glyphosate may run off of fields where it is applied, while other studies provide evidence that plant roots can take up glyphosate. Non-target vegetation may be exposed to glyphosate in the root-zone, where it has the potential to remove aqueous glyphosate from the system. Further study on the effects of root-zone glyphosate on non-target vegetation is required to develop best management practices for land managers seeking to ameliorate the effects of root-zone glyphosate exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: root-zone exposure; non-target vegetation; vegetated buffer strips root-zone exposure; non-target vegetation; vegetated buffer strips
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Saunders, L.E.; Pezeshki, R. Glyphosate in Runoff Waters and in the Root-Zone: A Review. Toxics 2015, 3, 462-480.

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