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Foods 2014, 3(2), 208-216; doi:10.3390/foods3020208

Food Craving and Its Relationship with Restriction and Liking in Japanese Females

1
Organization for Advanced Research and Education, Faculty of Psychology, Doshisha University, 1-3 Tatara Miyakodani, Kyotanabe, 610-0394, Japan
2
Faculty of Psychology, Doshisha University, 1-3 Tatara Miyakodani, Kyotanabe, 610-0394, Japan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2014 / Revised: 8 April 2014 / Accepted: 10 April 2014 / Published: 16 April 2014
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Abstract

Craved foods are thought to be those that are well liked but restricted. However, this claim has not been demonstrated empirically. Japanese female undergraduate students (n = 144) completed a questionnaire measuring their craving for, degree of liking, and frequency of restricting their eating of 47 widely consumed foods. The food with the highest mean craving score was rice. We plotted the craving scores as a function of restriction and liking scores for the 47 foods. The students’ craving scores were strongly correlated with their restriction scores and liking scores. Thus, craved foods are those that are restricted and liked. However, in both scatter plots, rice was an outlier. While it was the most craved food, neither the restriction nor liking score of rice was very high. These findings were consistent with the view that craved foods are generally liked, yet restricted, implying the generation of food related conflicts. Interestingly, the mechanism of craving rice, the main staple in Japan, may differ from other foods. View Full-Text
Keywords: food craving; restriction; liking; rice craving; Japanese food craving; restriction; liking; rice craving; Japanese
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Komatsu, S.; Aoyama, K. Food Craving and Its Relationship with Restriction and Liking in Japanese Females. Foods 2014, 3, 208-216.

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