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Inorganics 2014, 2(1), 132-154; doi:10.3390/inorganics2010132
Article

Comparative Issues of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries

1,* , 2
,
3
 and
1
1 Physicochimie des Electrolytes et Nanosystèmes Interfaciaux (PHENIX), Université Pierre et Marie Curie—Paris6, UMR 8234, 4 place Jussieu, Paris 75005, France 2 Institut de Minéralogie, de Physique des Matériaux et de Cosmochimie (IMPMC), UPMC Université Paris 06, 4 place Jussieu, Paris 75005, France 3 Energy Storage and Conversion, Research Institute of Hydro-Québec, Varennes, QC J3X 1S1, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2014 / Revised: 10 March 2014 / Accepted: 12 March 2014 / Published: 25 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Storage and Conversion)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [681 KB, uploaded 25 March 2014]   |  

Abstract

After an introduction to lithium insertion compounds and the principles of Li-ion cells, we present a comparative study of the physical and electrochemical properties of positive electrodes used in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Electrode materials include three different classes of lattices according to the dimensionality of the Li+ ion motion in them: olivine, layered transition-metal oxides and spinel frameworks. Their advantages and disadvantages are compared with emphasis on synthesis difficulties, electrochemical stability, faradaic performance and security issues.
Keywords: lithium-insertion compounds; Li-ion batteries; phase diagram; safety lithium-insertion compounds; Li-ion batteries; phase diagram; safety
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Julien, C.M.; Mauger, A.; Zaghib, K.; Groult, H. Comparative Issues of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries. Inorganics 2014, 2, 132-154.

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