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Photonics 2015, 2(2), 684-701; doi:10.3390/photonics2020684

Scattering Intensity and Directionality Probed Along Individual Zinc Oxide Nanorods with Precisely Controlled Light Polarization and Nanorod Orientation

Department of Chemistry, Georgetown University, 37th & O Sts. NW., Washington, DC 20057, USA
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Received: 20 May 2015 / Revised: 12 June 2015 / Accepted: 13 June 2015 / Published: 18 June 2015
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Abstract

We elucidated the light-matter interaction of individual ZnO NRs with a monochromatic beam of linearly polarized light that scatters elastically from the ZnO NRs by performing forward scattering and back-aperture imaging in a dark-field setting. We precisely controlled the electric field vector of the incident light and the NR orientation within the plane of light interaction during both modes of measurement, and spatially resolved the scattering response from different interaction points along the NR long axis. We then discerned, for the first time, the effects of light polarization, analyzer angle, and NR orientation on the intensity and directionality of the optical responses both qualitatively and quantitatively along the length of the single ZnO NRs. We identified distinctive scattering profiles from individual ZnO NRs subject to incident light polarization with controlled NR orientation from the forward dark-field scattering and back-aperture imaging modes. The fundamental light interaction behavior of ZnO NRs is likely to govern their functional outcomes in photonics, optoelectronics, and sensor devices. Hence, our efforts provided much needed insight into unique optical responses from individual 1D ZnO nanomaterials, which could be highly beneficial in developing next-generation optoelectronic systems and optical biodetectors with improved device efficiency and sensitivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: zinc oxide nanorod; far field scattering; back-aperture imaging; single nanorod scatterer; polarized light interaction; light matter relationship; nanophotonics zinc oxide nanorod; far field scattering; back-aperture imaging; single nanorod scatterer; polarized light interaction; light matter relationship; nanophotonics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, D.S.; Singh, M.; Song, S.; Chang, J.Y.; Kang, Y.; Hahm, J.-I. Scattering Intensity and Directionality Probed Along Individual Zinc Oxide Nanorods with Precisely Controlled Light Polarization and Nanorod Orientation. Photonics 2015, 2, 684-701.

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