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Math. Comput. Appl. 2011, 16(4), 797-808; doi:10.3390/mca16040797

Application of Energy and Exergy Analyses to a CI Engine Using Biodiesel Fuel

1
Karabuk University, Technical Education Faculty, Department of Mechanical Education, 78200, Karabuk, Turkey
2
Bozok University, Akdağmadeni Vocational Collage, 66500, Yozgat, Turkey
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 1 December 2011
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Abstract

In recent years, exergy analysis method has been widely used in the design, simulation and performance assessment of various types of engines for identifying losses and efficiencies. In this study, the first and second Laws of thermodynamics are employed to analyze the quantity and quality of energy in a four-cylinder, direct injection diesel engine using petroleum diesel fuel and biodiesel fuel. The experimental data were collected using steady-state tests which enable accurate measurements of air, fuel and cooling water flow rates, engine load, and all the relevant temperatures. Balances of energy and exergy rates for the engine were determined and then various performance parameters and energy and exergy efficiencies were calculated for each fuel operation and compared with each other. The results of tested biodiesel offer similar energetic performance as petroleum diesel fuel. In addition to this, the exergetic performance parameters usually follow similar trends according to the energetic performance parameters.
Keywords: Diesel engine; energy analysis; exergy analysis; biodiesel Diesel engine; energy analysis; exergy analysis; biodiesel
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sekmen, P.; Yılbaşı, Z. Application of Energy and Exergy Analyses to a CI Engine Using Biodiesel Fuel. Math. Comput. Appl. 2011, 16, 797-808.

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Math. Comput. Appl. EISSN 2297-8747 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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