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Math. Comput. Appl. 2008, 13(1), 31-40; doi:10.3390/mca13010031

Two-Stage Group Sequential Designs for Comparative Clinical Trials

1
Hacettepe University, Faculty of Science, Department of Statistics, 06800 Beytepe, Ankara, Turkey
2
Anadolu University, Faculty of Science, Department of Satistics, Eskişehir, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 1 April 2008
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Abstract

Group sequential designs are widely used in Phase II clinical trials, which are usually undertaken to evaluate the response probability of specific treatment regimen. In most randomized clinical trials with sequential patient entry, fixed sample size design is unjustified on ethical grounds and sequential designs are often impractical. However group sequential designs are generally more practical and they provide much of the saving possible from sequential designs. Optimal restricted two-stage design is the simplest form of a group sequential design.
In this study, group sequential design obtained by α*(t) functions characterized using the type-I error probability and optimal restricted two stage design has been compared for the cases that the group sizes are equal. Furthermore, their efficiency regarding fixed sample size design has been calculated and the results have been discussed.
Keywords: Group sequential design; Clinical trials; Two-stage design; Efficiency Group sequential design; Clinical trials; Two-stage design; Efficiency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bacanlı, S.; Peker, Ö.K.; Demirhan, Y.P. Two-Stage Group Sequential Designs for Comparative Clinical Trials. Math. Comput. Appl. 2008, 13, 31-40.

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Math. Comput. Appl. EISSN 2297-8747 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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