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Separations 2017, 4(2), 16; doi:10.3390/separations4020016

Determination of Posaconazole in Plasma/Serum by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography with Fluorescence Detection

Departments of Pediatrics, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA
Academic Editor: Fabio Gosetti
Received: 13 February 2017 / Revised: 25 April 2017 / Accepted: 3 May 2017 / Published: 8 May 2017
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Abstract

A sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method is described for the determination of posaconazole in human plasma/serum. The method is based on a single dilution step by treating the sample with methanol, and followed by the direct injection of the sample into the HPLC system. Posaconazole and internal standard ketoconazole in the methanol extract are subsequently analyzed by using a fluorescence (FL) detector at optimized wavelengths (excitation 245 nm and emission 380 nm). The method achieves a linear detector response for peak height measurements over the concentration range of 0.1–10 µg/mL which adequately covers the therapeutic range for appropriate patient monitoring. The chromatographic time is less than 8 min per injection, an improvement over most published HPLC/FL or HPLC/UV methods. The method’s limit of quantitation, linearity, imprecision, and accuracy met all criteria required by the Guidance for Industry Bioanalytical Method Validation. In comparison to other published methods, the current method would be of interest to analytical and clinical laboratories because it employs simple, rapid, and cost-effective procedures. View Full-Text
Keywords: posaconazole; ketoconazole; HPLC; fluorescence posaconazole; ketoconazole; HPLC; fluorescence
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tang, P.H. Determination of Posaconazole in Plasma/Serum by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography with Fluorescence Detection. Separations 2017, 4, 16.

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