Principal Component Analysis of Process Datasets with Missing Values
AbstractDatasets with missing values arising from causes such as sensor failure, inconsistent sampling rates, and merging data from different systems are common in the process industry. Methods for handling missing data typically operate during data pre-processing, but can also occur during model building. This article considers missing data within the context of principal component analysis (PCA), which is a method originally developed for complete data that has widespread industrial application in multivariate statistical process control. Due to the prevalence of missing data and the success of PCA for handling complete data, several PCA algorithms that can act on incomplete data have been proposed. Here, algorithms for applying PCA to datasets with missing values are reviewed. A case study is presented to demonstrate the performance of the algorithms and suggestions are made with respect to choosing which algorithm is most appropriate for particular settings. An alternating algorithm based on the singular value decomposition achieved the best results in the majority of test cases involving process datasets. View Full-Text
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Severson, K.A.; Molaro, M.C.; Braatz, R.D. Principal Component Analysis of Process Datasets with Missing Values. Processes 2017, 5, 38.
Severson KA, Molaro MC, Braatz RD. Principal Component Analysis of Process Datasets with Missing Values. Processes. 2017; 5(3):38.Chicago/Turabian Style
Severson, Kristen A.; Molaro, Mark C.; Braatz, Richard D. 2017. "Principal Component Analysis of Process Datasets with Missing Values." Processes 5, no. 3: 38.