Next Article in Journal
Modifier Adaptation for Real-Time Optimization—Methods and Applications
Previous Article in Journal
Real-Time Optimization under Uncertainty Applied to a Gas Lifted Well Network
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Integrated Membrane Process for Butenes Production
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Processes 2016, 4(4), 54; doi:10.3390/pr4040054

Techno-Economic Feasibility Study of Renewable Power Systems for a Small-Scale Plasma-Assisted Nitric Acid Plant in Africa

1
Laboratory of Chemical Reactor Engineering/Micro Flow Chemistry and Process Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
2
Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3RA, UK
3
African Development Bank Group, Avenue Joseph Anoma, 01 BP 1387 Abidjan 01, Cote D’Ivoire
4
Innovation Management, Verfahrenstechnik & Engineering, Evonik Technology & Infrastructure GmbH, Rodenbacher Chaussee 4, 63457 Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fausto Gallucci
Received: 19 October 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 2 December 2016 / Published: 19 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1906 KB, uploaded 21 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

The expected world population growth by 2050 is likely to pose great challenges in the global food demand and, in turn, in the fertilizer consumption. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations has forecasted that 46% of this projected growth will be attributed to Africa. This, in turn, raises further concerns about the sustainability of Africa’s contemporary fertilizer production, considering also its high dependence on fertilizer imports. Based on these facts, a novel “green” route for the synthesis of fertilizers has been considered in the context of the African agriculture by means of plasma technology. More precisely, a techno-economic feasibility study has been conducted for a small-scale plasma-assisted nitric acid plant located in Kenya and South Africa with respect to the electricity provision by renewable energy sources. In this study, standalone solar and wind power systems, as well as a hybrid system, have been assessed for two different electricity loads against certain economic criteria. The relevant simulations have been carried out in HOMER software and the optimized configurations of each examined renewable power system are presented in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: plasma process; nitric acid; HOMER; renewable energy; COE; NPC plasma process; nitric acid; HOMER; renewable energy; COE; NPC
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Anastasopoulou, A.; Butala, S.; Patil, B.; Suberu, J.; Fregene, M.; Lang, J.; Wang, Q.; Hessel, V. Techno-Economic Feasibility Study of Renewable Power Systems for a Small-Scale Plasma-Assisted Nitric Acid Plant in Africa. Processes 2016, 4, 54.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Processes EISSN 2227-9717 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top