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Processes 2016, 4(4), 54;

Techno-Economic Feasibility Study of Renewable Power Systems for a Small-Scale Plasma-Assisted Nitric Acid Plant in Africa

Laboratory of Chemical Reactor Engineering/Micro Flow Chemistry and Process Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3RA, UK
African Development Bank Group, Avenue Joseph Anoma, 01 BP 1387 Abidjan 01, Cote D’Ivoire
Innovation Management, Verfahrenstechnik & Engineering, Evonik Technology & Infrastructure GmbH, Rodenbacher Chaussee 4, 63457 Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fausto Gallucci
Received: 19 October 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 2 December 2016 / Published: 19 December 2016
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The expected world population growth by 2050 is likely to pose great challenges in the global food demand and, in turn, in the fertilizer consumption. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations has forecasted that 46% of this projected growth will be attributed to Africa. This, in turn, raises further concerns about the sustainability of Africa’s contemporary fertilizer production, considering also its high dependence on fertilizer imports. Based on these facts, a novel “green” route for the synthesis of fertilizers has been considered in the context of the African agriculture by means of plasma technology. More precisely, a techno-economic feasibility study has been conducted for a small-scale plasma-assisted nitric acid plant located in Kenya and South Africa with respect to the electricity provision by renewable energy sources. In this study, standalone solar and wind power systems, as well as a hybrid system, have been assessed for two different electricity loads against certain economic criteria. The relevant simulations have been carried out in HOMER software and the optimized configurations of each examined renewable power system are presented in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: plasma process; nitric acid; HOMER; renewable energy; COE; NPC plasma process; nitric acid; HOMER; renewable energy; COE; NPC

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Anastasopoulou, A.; Butala, S.; Patil, B.; Suberu, J.; Fregene, M.; Lang, J.; Wang, Q.; Hessel, V. Techno-Economic Feasibility Study of Renewable Power Systems for a Small-Scale Plasma-Assisted Nitric Acid Plant in Africa. Processes 2016, 4, 54.

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