An Integrated Membrane Process for Butenes Production
AbstractIso-butene is an important material for the production of chemicals and polymers. It can take part in various chemical reactions, such as hydrogenation, oxidation and other additions owing to the presence of a reactive double bond. It is usually obtained as a by-product of a petroleum refinery, by Fluidized Catalytic Cracking (FCC) of naphtha or gas-oil. However, an interesting alternative to iso-butene production is n-butane dehydroisomerization, which allows the direct conversion of n-butane via dehydrogenation and successive isomerization. In this work, a simulation analysis of an integrated membrane system is proposed for the production and recovery of butenes. The dehydroisomerization of n-butane to iso-butene takes place in a membrane reactor where the hydrogen is removed from the reaction side with a Pd/Ag alloys membrane. Afterwards, the retentate and permeate post-processing is performed in membrane separation units for butenes concentration and recovery. Four different process schemes are developed. The performance of each membrane unit is analyzed by appropriately developed performance maps, to identify the operating conditions windows and the membrane permeation properties required to maximize the recovery of the iso-butene produced. An analysis of integrated systems showed a yield of butenes higher than the other reaction products with high butenes recovery in the gas separation section, with values of molar concentration between 75% and 80%. View Full-Text
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Melone, L.; Brunetti, A.; Drioli, E.; Barbieri, G. An Integrated Membrane Process for Butenes Production. Processes 2016, 4, 42.
Melone L, Brunetti A, Drioli E, Barbieri G. An Integrated Membrane Process for Butenes Production. Processes. 2016; 4(4):42.Chicago/Turabian Style
Melone, Leonardo; Brunetti, Adele; Drioli, Enrico; Barbieri, Giuseppe. 2016. "An Integrated Membrane Process for Butenes Production." Processes 4, no. 4: 42.
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