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Informatics 2017, 4(2), 13; doi:10.3390/informatics4020013

Evaluation of the Omaha System Prototype Icons for Global Health Literacy

1
School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
2
Department of Speech-Language-Hearing-Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
3
College of Design, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sile A. Creedon
Received: 13 April 2017 / Revised: 23 May 2017 / Accepted: 30 May 2017 / Published: 1 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Informatics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1882 KB, uploaded 1 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Omaha System problem concepts describe a comprehensive, holistic view of health in simple terms that have been represented in a set of prototype icons intended for universal use by consumers and clinicians. The purpose of this study was to evaluate Omaha System prototype icons internationally across ten languages through an on-line survey and in-person focus groups. The icons were generally rated above 3 on a scale of 1 to 5 by 1568 survey respondents, with notable exceptions for some of the more abstract concepts. Overall, the icons were rated 3.49 on a scale of 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree, with a range of 3.09 (Japanese language) to 3.88 (Norwegian language). A pattern of differential agreement was noted among respondents from Asiatic languages compared to all other languages. Feedback from survey respondents and focus group participants was used to refine the icons. General themes related to icon development were synthesized from focus group interviews. Further research should continue to refine and evaluate the icons in different languages for international use to support health literacy through visual literacy. View Full-Text
Keywords: health literacy; visual literacy; icons; standardized terminology; Omaha System health literacy; visual literacy; icons; standardized terminology; Omaha System
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MDPI and ACS Style

Monsen, K.A.; Kang, Y.J.; Maki, T.A.; Stromme, A.E.; Weirich, E.G.; Lawrence, E.C.; Schneider, R.N.; Martinson, B.E. Evaluation of the Omaha System Prototype Icons for Global Health Literacy. Informatics 2017, 4, 13.

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