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Decoding the Pluripotency Network: The Emergence of New Transcription Factors
Key Laboratory for Regenerative Medicine, Ministry of Education, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Room 105A, 1/F, Lo Kwee-Seong Integrated Biomedical Sciences Building, Area 39, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong, China
SBS Core Laboratory, Shenzhen Research Institute, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, 4/F CUHK Shenzhen Research Institute Building, No.10, 2nd Yuexing Road, Nanshan District, Shenzhen 518057, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 October 2013; in revised form: 10 December 2013 / Accepted: 11 December 2013 / Published: 16 December 2013
Abstract: Since the successful isolation of mouse and human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) in the past decades, massive investigations have been conducted to dissect the pluripotency network that governs the ability of these cells to differentiate into all cell types. Beside the core Oct4-Sox2-Nanog circuitry, accumulating regulators, including transcription factors, epigenetic modifiers, microRNA and signaling molecules have also been found to play important roles in preserving pluripotency. Among the various regulations that orchestrate the cellular pluripotency program, transcriptional regulation is situated in the central position and appears to be dominant over other regulatory controls. In this review, we would like to summarize the recent advancements in the accumulating findings of new transcription factors that play a critical role in controlling both pluripotency network and ESC identity.
Keywords: pluripotency; embryonic stem cell; transcriptional network; transcription factor
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Lee, K.C.; Wong, W.K.; Feng, B. Decoding the Pluripotency Network: The Emergence of New Transcription Factors. Biomedicines 2013, 1, 49-78.
Lee KC, Wong WK, Feng B. Decoding the Pluripotency Network: The Emergence of New Transcription Factors. Biomedicines. 2013; 1(1):49-78.
Lee, Kai C.; Wong, Wing K.; Feng, Bo. 2013. "Decoding the Pluripotency Network: The Emergence of New Transcription Factors." Biomedicines 1, no. 1: 49-78.