- freely available
Healthcare 2014, 2(1), 115-122; doi:10.3390/healthcare2010115
Abstract: When designing a facility for telemedicine, there are several things to consider from a human factors point of view, as well as from a practicality point of view. Although the future practice of telemedicine is likely to be more of a mobile-based practice and centered more in the home than it is now, it is still very important to consider ways to optimize the design of clinic-based telemedicine facilities. This is true on both ends of a consultation—where the patient is and where the consultant is. On the patient side, the first thing to realize is that most telemedicine clinics are not going to be newly designed and built. In all likelihood they will be existing rooms converted to telemedicine clinic rooms. Quite often the former room will not even have been used for clinical purposes, but may have simply been a storage area cleared out for telemedicine use. Therefore, design is often a challenge but there are a few basic principles that can be followed to create a workable clinical space. This paper will review some of the basic human factors principles to take into account when designing a working telemedicine environment.
1. Clinical Room Design
1.1. Physical Considerations
1.2. Other Aspects to Consider
1.3. Making Things Work Smoothly
1.4. Display and Audio Considerations
2. Non-Clinic-Based Teleconsultations
2.1. Privacy Issues
2.2. Mobile Environments
Conflicts of Interest
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