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Healthcare 2014, 2(1), 94-114; doi:10.3390/healthcare2010094

Human Factors and Human-Computer Considerations in Teleradiology and Telepathology

Department of Medical Imaging & Arizona Telemedicine Program, University of Arizona, 1609 N Warren Bldg 211, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
Received: 6 January 2014 / Revised: 31 January 2014 / Accepted: 7 February 2014 / Published: 19 February 2014
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Radiology and pathology are unique among other clinical specialties that incorporate telemedicine technologies into clinical practice, as, for the most part in traditional practice, there are few or no direct patient encounters. The majority of teleradiology and telepathology involves viewing images, which is exactly what occurs without the “tele” component. The images used are generally quite large, require dedicated displays and software for viewing, and present challenges to the clinician who must navigate through the presented data to render a diagnostic decision or interpretation. This digital viewing environment is very different from the more traditional reading environment (i.e., film and microscopy), necessitating a new look at how to optimize reading environments and address human factors issues. This paper will review some of the key components that need to be optimized for effective and efficient practice of teleradiology and telepathology using traditional workstations as well as some of the newer mobile viewing applications.
Keywords: teleradiology; telepathology; workstations; displays; human factors teleradiology; telepathology; workstations; displays; human factors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Krupinski, E.A. Human Factors and Human-Computer Considerations in Teleradiology and Telepathology. Healthcare 2014, 2, 94-114.

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