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Languages 2017, 2(2), 5; doi:10.3390/languages2020005

Clausal Subordination and the Structure of the Verbal Phrase

1
Department of English Linguistics, Eötvös Loránd University, Rákóczi út 5, 1088 Budapest, Hungary
2
Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Benczúr u. 33, P.O. Box 360, 1394 Budapest, Hungary; Tel.: +36-1-321-4830
Academic Editors: Tabea Ihsane and Maria del Carmen Parafita Couto
Received: 4 February 2017 / Revised: 21 April 2017 / Accepted: 21 April 2017 / Published: 3 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clausal and Nominal Complements in Monolingual and Bilingual Grammars)
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Abstract

In his first approach to recursion in clausal embedding, Chomsky (1957) postulates a proform in the matrix clause linked to an independently constructed clause that, via an application of the generalised transformation, eventually becomes the matrix verb’s complement. Chomsky (1965) replaces this with a direct clausal embedding analysis, with clausal recursion in the base component of the grammar. I argue here that, while direct clausal recursion is certainly needed, an update to the Chomsky’s (1957) approach (minus the application of the generalised transformation) deserves a prominent place in syntactic theory as well. The discussion is based on data from Dutch, German, and Hungarian. This paper addresses the role of presuppositionality in the context of clausal coordination, the analysis of the so-called wh-scope marking construction, and the importance of Agree in connection with a subordinate clause’s transparency or opacity to extraction. Central in the analysis is a perspective on the structure of the verbal phrase which accommodates two discrete structural positions for the object. View Full-Text
Keywords: clausal subordination; proform; object positions; recursion; presuppositionality; wh-scope marking; Agree clausal subordination; proform; object positions; recursion; presuppositionality; wh-scope marking; Agree
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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den Dikken, M. Clausal Subordination and the Structure of the Verbal Phrase. Languages 2017, 2, 5.

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