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Languages 2017, 2(2), 3; doi:10.3390/languages2020003

Language Mixing and Diachronic Change: American Norwegian Noun Phrases Then and Now

Department of Language and Literature, Faculty of Humanities, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
Academic Editors: Ji Young Shim, Tabea Ihsane and Maria del Carmen Parafita Couto
Received: 20 December 2016 / Revised: 30 March 2017 / Accepted: 3 April 2017 / Published: 20 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clausal and Nominal Complements in Monolingual and Bilingual Grammars)
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Abstract

This article investigates the diachronic development of language mixing within noun phrases in the heritage language American Norwegian. By comparing data collected in the 1930s and 1940s with recently collected data, I present and discuss patterns showing systematic changes, specifically concerning the categories number and definiteness. Moreover, I propose two potential analyses of these patterns based on an exoskeletal approach to grammar. This theoretical framework crucially separates the abstract syntactic structure from its phonological exponents, and the analyses that are discussed consider both the structure and the exponents as the origins of the change. View Full-Text
Keywords: American Norwegian; diachronic change; exoskeletal approach to grammar; language mixing; noun phrase American Norwegian; diachronic change; exoskeletal approach to grammar; language mixing; noun phrase
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Riksem, B.R. Language Mixing and Diachronic Change: American Norwegian Noun Phrases Then and Now. Languages 2017, 2, 3.

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