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Climate 2018, 6(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli6010007

Strategies for Development and Improvement of the Urban Fabric: A Vienna Case Study

1
Department of Building Physics and Building Ecology, TU Wien, Karlsplatz 13, 1040 Vienna, Austria
2
Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tabriz Islamic Art University, 51368 Tabriz, East Azarbaijan, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2017 / Revised: 24 January 2018 / Accepted: 25 January 2018 / Published: 27 January 2018
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Abstract

Numerous studies have shown that densely developed and populated urban areas experience significant anthropogenic heat flux and elevated concentrations of air pollutants and CO2, with consequences for human health, thermal comfort, and well-being. This may also affect the atmospheric composition and circulation patterns within the urban boundary layer, with consequences for local, regional, and global climate. One of the resulting local implications is the increase in urban air temperature. In this context, the present contribution explores urban fabric development and mitigation strategies for two locations in the city of Vienna, Austria. Toward this end, the potential of specific planning and mitigation strategies regarding urban overheating was assessed using a state-of-the-art CFD-based (computational fluid dynamics) numeric simulation environment. The results display different levels of effectiveness for selected design and mitigation measures under a wide range of boundary conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban overheating; urban microclimate; mitigation strategies; urban development urban overheating; urban microclimate; mitigation strategies; urban development
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Vuckovic, M.; Maleki, A.; Mahdavi, A. Strategies for Development and Improvement of the Urban Fabric: A Vienna Case Study. Climate 2018, 6, 7.

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