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Climate 2017, 5(4), 89; doi:10.3390/cli5040089

Analysis of Farmer’s Choices for Climate Change Adaptation Practices in South-Western Uganda, 1980–2009

1
College of Agriculture and Environment Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala 7602, Uganda
2
Institute of Resource Assessment, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam 35097, Tanzania
3
School of Agriculture, Policy & Development, University of Reading, Reading RG66AR, UK
4
Department of Ecotourism & Environmental Management, University for Development Studies, Tamale 1350, Ghana
5
School of Public Health and Social Sciences, Muhimbili University, Dar es Salaam 65001, Tanzania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 August 2017 / Revised: 24 October 2017 / Accepted: 25 October 2017 / Published: 2 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Impacts and Resilience in the Developing World)
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Abstract

Climate change is a serious threat to the livelihoods of rural communities, particularly in mountainous areas because they are very sensitive to such changes. In this study, we assessed the household determinants to climate change adaptation drawing from a case study of agricultural adaptation in the Mount Rwenzori area of South Western Uganda. The study identified the major adaptation practices that are adopted by farmers to cope with the impacts of climate change and using available on-farm technologies. A total of 143 smallholder farmers were sampled and interviewed using field based questionnaires, field observations, and key informant interviews. Data was cleaned, entered and analysed using SPSS and Stata software for descriptive statistics. Thereafter, a Multinomial logistic regression model was used to assess the drivers of farmers’ choice for adaptation practices, factors influencing the choice of adaptation, and barriers. The major adaptation practices that were identified included; use of different crop varieties, tree planting, soil and water conservation, early and late planting, and furrow irrigation. Discrete choice model results indicated the age of the household head, experience in farming, household size, climate change shocks, land size, use of agricultural inputs, landscape position (location), and crop yield varied significantly (p > 0.05), which influenced farmers’ choice of climate change adaptation practices. The main barriers to adaptation included inadequate information on adaptation methods and financial constraints, leading us to conclude that contextual adaptation practices are more desirable for adoption to farmers. Adapting to climate change needs support from government and other stakeholders, however the implementation is more successful when appropriate and suitable choices are employed. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; small-holders; adaptation practices; Albertine Graben—Uganda climate change; small-holders; adaptation practices; Albertine Graben—Uganda
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zizinga, A.; Kangalawe, R.Y.M.; Ainslie, A.; Tenywa, M.M.; Majaliwa, J.; Saronga, N.J.; Amoako, E.E. Analysis of Farmer’s Choices for Climate Change Adaptation Practices in South-Western Uganda, 1980–2009. Climate 2017, 5, 89.

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