Change in Heavy Rainfall Characteristics over the Ouémé River Basin, Benin Republic, West Africa
AbstractClimate change has severe impacts on natural resources, food production and consequently on food security especially in developing countries. Likely accentuated by climate change, flooding is one of the disasters that affects people and destroies agricultural land and products. At different governance levels and scales, appropriate responses are needed. Cluster analysis using scaled at-site characteristics was used to determine homogeneous rainfall regions. A methodology for detecting change was applied to heavy daily rainfall of 34 stations across the Ouémé basin, Benin, in order to assess potential change in its characteristics. The spatial variability of the detected changes in return periods was analyzed using the kriging interpolation method. For this analysis, up to 92 years (1921–2012) of rainfall data were used. Three homogeneous regions were found by the cluster analysis. For all studied return periods, 82% of the stations showed statistically significant change in daily precipitation, among which 57% exhibited a positive change and 43% negative change. A positive change is associated with an increase in heavy rainfall over the area of concern. An analysis of the interpolated change in heavy rainfall of different return periods revealed an east-west gradient from negative to positive along the lower Ouémé basin (Region 2). From the middle to the upper Ouémé (Region 1 and 3), a decreasing tendency of heavy rainfall is dominant mainly for the non-homogeneous period. This result of the complex pattern of changes could be veritable information for decision makers and consequently for development of appropriate adaptation measures. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Hounkpè, J.; Diekkrüger, B.; Badou, D.F.; Afouda, A.A. Change in Heavy Rainfall Characteristics over the Ouémé River Basin, Benin Republic, West Africa. Climate 2016, 4, 15.
Hounkpè J, Diekkrüger B, Badou DF, Afouda AA. Change in Heavy Rainfall Characteristics over the Ouémé River Basin, Benin Republic, West Africa. Climate. 2016; 4(1):15.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hounkpè, Jean; Diekkrüger, Bernd; Badou, Djigbo F.; Afouda, Abel A. 2016. "Change in Heavy Rainfall Characteristics over the Ouémé River Basin, Benin Republic, West Africa." Climate 4, no. 1: 15.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.