Next Article in Journal
Self-Reported Experiences of Climate Change in Nigeria: The Role of Personal and Socio-Environmental Factors
Next Article in Special Issue
Climate Change Impacts on Streamflow Drought: A Case Study in Tseng-Wen Reservoir Catchment in Southern Taiwan
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Water Resource Management in Dry Zonal Paddy Cultivation in Mahaweli River Basin, Sri Lanka: An Analysis of Spatial and Temporal Climate Change Impacts and Traditional Knowledge
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Climate 2015, 3(1), 1-15; doi:10.3390/cli3010001

Fluctuation of Groundwater Levels and Recharge Patterns in Northern Ghana

1
Division of Hydrologic Sciences, Desert Research Institute, 2215 Raggio Parkway, Reno, NV 89512, USA
2
Ghana Integrated Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Project, World Vision Ghana, Savelugu, Ghana
3
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Learning Center, West Africa Region, World Vision International, PO Box 12713, Niamey, Niger
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Monica Ionita-Scholz and Nicole Mölders
Received: 5 September 2014 / Accepted: 25 November 2014 / Published: 23 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Changes in Precipitation and Impacts on Regional Water Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1848 KB, uploaded 23 December 2014]   |  

Abstract

Evaluating groundwater levels and recharge patterns is part of sustainably managing the water supply and predicting the possibility of water shortages, especially in light of climate change, extreme events (floods/droughts), increasing population and development. In the northern region of Ghana, groundwater is increasingly relied upon as a source of potable water for rural populations, but seasonal and inter-annual fluctuations of groundwater levels and recharge patterns are not always known. The fluctuation of groundwater levels on a seasonal basis shows that groundwater levels at all sites increase in response to seasonal precipitation. On an annual basis, all sites show an overall net decline of groundwater levels over the study period, which may be associated with below-average departures of precipitation during five of the seven study years. The variability of recharge patterns among five sites is attributed to the spatio-temporal variability of precipitation and hydrogeologic site uniqueness. The overarching potential benefit of this study is to facilitate closing knowledge gaps and contribute to a foundation for a more robust evaluation of groundwater resources in the area, especially as more data become available. View Full-Text
Keywords: precipitation; water resources; climate precipitation; water resources; climate
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lutz, A.; Minyila, S.; Saga, B.; Diarra, S.; Apambire, B.; Thomas, J. Fluctuation of Groundwater Levels and Recharge Patterns in Northern Ghana. Climate 2015, 3, 1-15.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Climate EISSN 2225-1154 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top