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Climate 2014, 2(4), 296-309; doi:10.3390/cli2040296

The Impact of the East Atlantic/Western Russia Pattern on the Hydroclimatology of Europe from Mid-Winter to Late Spring

Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
Received: 20 May 2014 / Revised: 22 September 2014 / Accepted: 28 September 2014 / Published: 15 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Changes in Precipitation and Impacts on Regional Water Resources)
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Abstract

In this study, the influence of the East Atlantic/Western Russia teleconnection pattern on the hydroclimatology of Europe, from mid-winter to late spring, is investigated. The influence of EAWR on the variability of precipitation (PP), temperature (TT) and standardized precipitation-evapotranspiration index (SPEI) is investigated on the base of correlation and stability maps. It is shown that EAWR has a strong impact on the coupling between the sub-tropical Atlantic Jet and the African Jet, which in turn affects the climate variability over Europe from mid-winter to late spring. The strongest impact of the mid-winter EAWR over the European precipitation is found to be in mid-winter and early spring over the northern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula and the central and eastern part of Europe; while the influence of the mid-winter EAWR on European temperature persists from mid-winter to late spring, giving the possibility of a potential predictability for spring temperature over extended European regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: East Atlantic/Western Russia teleconnection pattern; atmospheric circulation; SPEI drought index East Atlantic/Western Russia teleconnection pattern; atmospheric circulation; SPEI drought index
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ionita, M. The Impact of the East Atlantic/Western Russia Pattern on the Hydroclimatology of Europe from Mid-Winter to Late Spring. Climate 2014, 2, 296-309.

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