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Plants 2018, 7(2), 30; doi:10.3390/plants7020030

Flavonoid Functions in Plants and Their Interactions with Other Organisms

Division of Plant Science, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, 134 Linnaeus Way, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
Received: 26 March 2018 / Revised: 28 March 2018 / Accepted: 29 March 2018 / Published: 3 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Flavonoids)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [194 KB, uploaded 3 April 2018]

Abstract

Flavonoids are structurally diverse secondary metabolites in plants, with a multitude of functions. These span from functions in regulating plant development, pigmentation, and UV protection, to an array of roles in defence and signalling between plants and microorganisms. Because of their prevalence in the human diet, many flavonoids constitute important components of medicinal plants and are used in the control of inflammation and cancer prevention. Advances in the elucidation of flavonoid biosynthesis and its regulation have led to an increasing number of studies aimed at engineering the flavonoid pathway for enhancing nutritional value and plant defences against pathogens and herbivores, as well as modifying the feeding value of pastures. Many future opportunities await for the exploitation of this colourful pathway in crops, pastures, and medicinal plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: biosynthesis; defence; herbivores; flavones; flavonoids; flower pigmentation; inflammation; lipid peroxidation; medicinal plants; nodulation; phenylphenalenones biosynthesis; defence; herbivores; flavones; flavonoids; flower pigmentation; inflammation; lipid peroxidation; medicinal plants; nodulation; phenylphenalenones
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mathesius, U. Flavonoid Functions in Plants and Their Interactions with Other Organisms. Plants 2018, 7, 30.

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