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Plants 2016, 5(3), 31; doi:10.3390/plants5030031

Blackleg (Leptosphaeria maculans) Severity and Yield Loss in Canola in Alberta, Canada

1
Crop Diversification Centre North, Alberta Agriculture and Forestry, Edmonton, AB T5Y 6H3, Canada
2
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P5, Canada
3
Saskatoon Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X2, Canada
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rishi R. Burlakoti
Received: 13 January 2016 / Revised: 1 July 2016 / Accepted: 14 July 2016 / Published: 20 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected/Extended Full Papers of 14th International Rapeseed Congress)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1100 KB, uploaded 20 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Blackleg, caused by Leptosphaeria maculans, is an important disease of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) in Canada and throughout the world. Severe epidemics of blackleg can result in significant yield losses. Understanding disease-yield relationships is a prerequisite for measuring the agronomic efficacy and economic benefits of control methods. Field experiments were conducted in 2013, 2014, and 2015 to determine the relationship between blackleg disease severity and yield in a susceptible cultivar and in moderately resistant to resistant canola hybrids. Disease severity was lower, and seed yield was 120%–128% greater, in the moderately resistant to resistant hybrids compared with the susceptible cultivar. Regression analysis showed that pod number and seed yield declined linearly as blackleg severity increased. Seed yield per plant decreased by 1.8 g for each unit increase in disease severity, corresponding to a decline in yield of 17.2% for each unit increase in disease severity. Pyraclostrobin fungicide reduced disease severity in all site-years and increased yield. These results show that the reduction of blackleg in canola crops substantially improves yields. View Full-Text
Keywords: canola; Leptosphaeria maculans; blackleg; yield loss model canola; Leptosphaeria maculans; blackleg; yield loss model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hwang, S.-F.; Strelkov, S.E.; Peng, G.; Ahmed, H.; Zhou, Q.; Turnbull, G. Blackleg (Leptosphaeria maculans) Severity and Yield Loss in Canola in Alberta, Canada. Plants 2016, 5, 31.

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