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Plants 2015, 4(3), 356-368; doi:10.3390/plants4030356

Senescence Meets Dedifferentiation

French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, 84990 Israel
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Academic Editor: Salma Balazadeh
Received: 20 May 2015 / Revised: 16 June 2015 / Accepted: 23 June 2015 / Published: 29 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Senescence)
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Abstract

Senescence represents the final stage of leaf development but is often induced prematurely following exposure to biotic and abiotic stresses. Leaf senescence is manifested by color change from green to yellow (due to chlorophyll degradation) or to red (due to de novo synthesis of anthocyanins coupled with chlorophyll degradation) and frequently culminates in programmed death of leaves. However, the breakdown of chlorophyll and macromolecules such as proteins and RNAs that occurs during leaf senescence does not necessarily represent a one-way road to death but rather a reversible process whereby senescing leaves can, under certain conditions, re-green and regain their photosynthetic capacity. This phenomenon essentially distinguishes senescence from programmed cell death, leading researchers to hypothesize that changes occurring during senescence might represent a process of trans-differentiation, that is the conversion of one cell type to another. In this review, we highlight attributes common to senescence and dedifferentiation including chromatin structure and activation of transposable elements and provide further support to the notion that senescence is not merely a deterioration process leading to death but rather a unique developmental state resembling dedifferentiation. View Full-Text
Keywords: senescence; dedifferentiation; chromatin structure; ribosome biogenesis; transposable elements; reversal of senescence senescence; dedifferentiation; chromatin structure; ribosome biogenesis; transposable elements; reversal of senescence
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Rapp, Y.G.; Ransbotyn, V.; Grafi, G. Senescence Meets Dedifferentiation. Plants 2015, 4, 356-368.

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