Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Plants 2013, 2(3), 489-506; doi:10.3390/plants2030489
Review

Ensuring Reproduction at High Temperatures: The Heat Stress Response during Anther and Pollen Development

* ,
,
 and
Received: 3 June 2013; in revised form: 28 June 2013 / Accepted: 3 July 2013 / Published: 11 July 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1259 KB, uploaded 11 July 2013]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Sexual reproduction in flowering plants is very sensitive to environmental stresses, particularly to thermal insults which frequently occur when plants grow in field conditions in the warm season. Although abnormalities in both male and female reproductive organs due to high temperatures have been described in several crops, the failure to set fruits has mainly been attributed to the high sensitivity of developing anthers and pollen grains, particularly at certain developmental stages. A global view of the molecular mechanisms involved in the response to high temperatures in the male reproductive organs will be presented in this review. In addition, transcriptome and proteomic data, currently available, will be discussed in the light of physiological and metabolic changes occurring during anther and pollen development. A deep understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the stress response to high temperatures in flowers and, particularly, in the male reproductive organs will be a major step towards development of effective breeding strategies for high and stable production in crop plants.
Keywords: heat stress; pollen development; male sterility; fruit set; tomato heat stress; pollen development; male sterility; fruit set; tomato
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Giorno, F.; Wolters-Arts, M.; Mariani, C.; Rieu, I. Ensuring Reproduction at High Temperatures: The Heat Stress Response during Anther and Pollen Development. Plants 2013, 2, 489-506.

AMA Style

Giorno F, Wolters-Arts M, Mariani C, Rieu I. Ensuring Reproduction at High Temperatures: The Heat Stress Response during Anther and Pollen Development. Plants. 2013; 2(3):489-506.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giorno, Filomena; Wolters-Arts, Mieke; Mariani, Celestina; Rieu, Ivo. 2013. "Ensuring Reproduction at High Temperatures: The Heat Stress Response during Anther and Pollen Development." Plants 2, no. 3: 489-506.

Plants EISSN 2223-7747 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert