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Understanding of Leaf Development—the Science of Complexity
Polish Academy of Sciences Botanical Garden-Centre for Biodiversity Protection in Powsin, ul Prawdziwka 2, 02-973 Warsaw, Poland
Received: 28 April 2013; in revised form: 7 May 2013 / Accepted: 18 June 2013 / Published: 25 June 2013
Abstract: The leaf is the major organ involved in light perception and conversion of solar energy into organic carbon. In order to adapt to different natural habitats, plants have developed a variety of leaf forms, ranging from simple to compound, with various forms of dissection. Due to the enormous cellular complexity of leaves, understanding the mechanisms regulating development of these organs is difficult. In recent years there has been a dramatic increase in the use of technically advanced imaging techniques and computational modeling in studies of leaf development. Additionally, molecular tools for manipulation of morphogenesis were successfully used for in planta verification of developmental models. Results of these interdisciplinary studies show that global growth patterns influencing final leaf form are generated by cooperative action of genetic, biochemical, and biomechanical inputs. This review summarizes recent progress in integrative studies on leaf development and illustrates how intrinsic features of leaves (including their cellular complexity) influence the choice of experimental approach.
Keywords: leaf morphogenesis; biophysical and cellular aspects of leaf development; leaf shape
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Malinowski, R. Understanding of Leaf Development—the Science of Complexity. Plants 2013, 2, 396-415.
Malinowski R. Understanding of Leaf Development—the Science of Complexity. Plants. 2013; 2(3):396-415.
Malinowski, Robert. 2013. "Understanding of Leaf Development—the Science of Complexity." Plants 2, no. 3: 396-415.