LHX2 Mediates the FGF-to-SHH Regulatory Loop during Limb Development
AbstractDuring limb development, fibroblast growth factors (Fgfs) govern proximal–distal outgrowth and patterning. FGFs also synchronize developmental patterning between the proximal–distal and anterior–posterior axes by maintaining Sonic hedgehog (Shh) expression in cells of the zone of polarizing activity (ZPA) in the distal posterior mesoderm. Shh, in turn, maintains Fgfs in the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) that caps the distal tip of the limb bud. Crosstalk between Fgf and Shh signaling is critical for patterned limb development, but the mechanisms underlying this feedback loop are not well-characterized. Implantation of Fgf beads in the proximal posterior limb bud can maintain SHH expression in the former ZPA domain (evident 3 h after application), while prolonged exposure (24 h) can induce SHH outside of this domain. Although temporally and spatially disparate, comparative analysis of transcriptome data from these different populations accentuated genes involved in SHH regulation. Comparative analysis identified 25 candidates common to both treatments, with eight linked to SHH expression or function. Furthermore, we demonstrated that LHX2, a LIM Homeodomain transcription factor, is an intermediate in the FGF-mediated regulation of SHH. Our data suggest that LHX2 acts as a competency factor maintaining distal posterior SHH expression subjacent to the AER. View Full-Text
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Watson, B.A.; Feenstra, J.M.; Van Arsdale, J.M.; Rai-Bhatti, K.S.; Kim, D.J.H.; Coggins, A.S.; Mattison, G.L.; Yoo, S.; Steinman, E.D.; Pira, C.U.; Gongol, B.R.; Oberg, K.C. LHX2 Mediates the FGF-to-SHH Regulatory Loop during Limb Development. J. Dev. Biol. 2018, 6, 13.
Watson BA, Feenstra JM, Van Arsdale JM, Rai-Bhatti KS, Kim DJH, Coggins AS, Mattison GL, Yoo S, Steinman ED, Pira CU, Gongol BR, Oberg KC. LHX2 Mediates the FGF-to-SHH Regulatory Loop during Limb Development. Journal of Developmental Biology. 2018; 6(2):13.Chicago/Turabian Style
Watson, Billy A.; Feenstra, Jennifer M.; Van Arsdale, Jonathan M.; Rai-Bhatti, Karndeep S.; Kim, Diana J.H.; Coggins, Ashley S.; Mattison, Gennaya L.; Yoo, Stephen; Steinman, Eric D.; Pira, Charmaine U.; Gongol, Brendan R.; Oberg, Kerby C. 2018. "LHX2 Mediates the FGF-to-SHH Regulatory Loop during Limb Development." J. Dev. Biol. 6, no. 2: 13.
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