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Induction of the Proepicardium
University of California San Francisco, Cardiovascular Research Institute, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2013; in revised form: 19 June 2013 / Accepted: 19 June 2013 / Published: 1 July 2013
Abstract: The proepicardium is a transient extracardiac embryonic tissue that gives rise to the epicardium and a number of coronary vascular cell lineages. This important extracardiac tissue develops through multiple steps of inductive events, from specification of multiple cell lineages to morphogenesis. This article will review our current understanding of inductive events involved in patterning of the proepicardium precursor field, specification of cell types within the proepicardium and their extension and attachment to the heart.
Keywords: cell fate induction; proepicardium field; epicardium
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Maya-Ramos, L.; Cleland, J.; Bressan, M.; Mikawa, T. Induction of the Proepicardium. J. Dev. Biol. 2013, 1, 82-91.
Maya-Ramos L, Cleland J, Bressan M, Mikawa T. Induction of the Proepicardium. Journal of Developmental Biology. 2013; 1(2):82-91.
Maya-Ramos, Lisandro; Cleland, James; Bressan, Michael; Mikawa, Takashi. 2013. "Induction of the Proepicardium." J. Dev. Biol. 1, no. 2: 82-91.