Spatial Analysis of Linear Structures in the Exploration of Groundwater
AbstractThe analysis of linear structures on major geological formations plays a crucial role in resource exploration in the Inner Niger Delta. Highlighting and mapping of the large lithological units were carried out using image fusion, spectral bands (RGB coding), Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and band ratio methods. The automatic extraction method of linear structures has permitted the obtaining of a structural map with 82,659 linear structures, distributed on different stratigraphic stages. The intensity study shows an accentuation in density over 12.52% of the total area, containing 22.02% of the linear structures. The density and nodes (intersections of fractures) formed by the linear structures on the different lithologies allowed to observe the behavior of the region’s aquifers in the exploration of subsoil resources. The central density, in relation to the hydrographic network of the lowlands, shows the conditioning of the flow and retention of groundwater in the region, and in-depth fluids. The node areas and high-density linear structures, have shown an ability to have rejections in deep (pores) that favor the formation of structural traps for oil resources. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Dembele, A.; Ye, X. Spatial Analysis of Linear Structures in the Exploration of Groundwater. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 335.
Dembele A, Ye X. Spatial Analysis of Linear Structures in the Exploration of Groundwater. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2017; 6(11):335.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dembele, Abdramane; Ye, Xiufen. 2017. "Spatial Analysis of Linear Structures in the Exploration of Groundwater." ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 6, no. 11: 335.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.