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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(11), 335; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi6110335

Spatial Analysis of Linear Structures in the Exploration of Groundwater

College of Automation, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, Heilongjiang, China
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Received: 21 September 2017 / Revised: 18 October 2017 / Accepted: 25 October 2017 / Published: 2 November 2017
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Abstract

The analysis of linear structures on major geological formations plays a crucial role in resource exploration in the Inner Niger Delta. Highlighting and mapping of the large lithological units were carried out using image fusion, spectral bands (RGB coding), Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and band ratio methods. The automatic extraction method of linear structures has permitted the obtaining of a structural map with 82,659 linear structures, distributed on different stratigraphic stages. The intensity study shows an accentuation in density over 12.52% of the total area, containing 22.02% of the linear structures. The density and nodes (intersections of fractures) formed by the linear structures on the different lithologies allowed to observe the behavior of the region’s aquifers in the exploration of subsoil resources. The central density, in relation to the hydrographic network of the lowlands, shows the conditioning of the flow and retention of groundwater in the region, and in-depth fluids. The node areas and high-density linear structures, have shown an ability to have rejections in deep (pores) that favor the formation of structural traps for oil resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: linear structures; lithology; density; subsoil resources linear structures; lithology; density; subsoil resources
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Dembele, A.; Ye, X. Spatial Analysis of Linear Structures in the Exploration of Groundwater. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 335.

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