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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5(7), 108; doi:10.3390/ijgi5070108

Volunteered Geographic Information System Design: Project and Participation Guidelines

MERCATOR Research Group: Geo-Information Technologies, Technical High School of Topography, Geodesy and Cartography Engineering, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Campus Sur, 28031 Madrid, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Linda See, Vyron Antoniou, David Jonietz and Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 14 March 2016 / Revised: 16 June 2016 / Accepted: 20 June 2016 / Published: 5 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Volunteered Geographic Information)
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Abstract

This article sets forth the early phases of a methodological proposal for designing and developing Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) initiatives based on a system perspective analysis in which the components depend and interact dynamically among each other. First, it focuses on those characteristics of VGI projects that present different goals and modes of organization, while using a crowdsourcing strategy to manage participants and contributions. Next, a tool is developed in order to design the central crowdsourced processing unit that is best suited for a specific project definition, associating it with a trend towards crowd-based or community-driven approaches. The design is structured around the characterization of different ways of participating, and the task cognitive demand of working on geo-information management, spatial problem solving and ideation, or knowledge acquisition. Then, the crowdsourcing process design helps to identify what kind of participants are needed and outline subsequent engagement strategies. This is based on an analysis of differences among volunteers’ participatory behaviors and the associated set of factors motivating them to contribute, whether on a crowd or community-sourced basis. From a VGI system perspective, this paper presents a set of guidelines and methodological steps in order to align project goals, processes and volunteers and thus successfully attract participation. This methodology helps establish the initial requirements for a VGI system, and, in its current state, it mainly focuses on two components of the system: project and participants. View Full-Text
Keywords: volunteered geographic information; crowdsourcing; community; public participation; collaboration; motivation; system design; methodology volunteered geographic information; crowdsourcing; community; public participation; collaboration; motivation; system design; methodology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gómez-Barrón, J.-P.; Manso-Callejo, M.-Á.; Alcarria, R.; Iturrioz, T. Volunteered Geographic Information System Design: Project and Participation Guidelines. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5, 108.

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