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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2013, 2(3), 621-644; doi:10.3390/ijgi2030621

Conflation Optimized by Least Squares to Maintain Geographic Shapes

1,* , 2
1 COGIT-IGN, 73 avenue de Paris, 94165 Saint-Mandé, France 2 IGN, 73 avenue de Paris, 94165 Saint-Mandé, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 May 2013 / Revised: 21 June 2013 / Accepted: 24 June 2013 / Published: 3 July 2013


Recent technologies allowed a major growth of geographical datasets with different levels of detail, different point of views, and different specifications, but on the same geographical extent. These datasets need to be integrated in order to benefit from their diversity. Conflation is one of the solutions to provide integration. Conflation aims at combining data that represent same entities from several datasets, into a richer new dataset. This paper proposes a framework that provides a geometrical conflation that preserves the characteristic shapes of geographic data. The framework is based on least squares adjustment, inspired from least squares based generalization techniques. It does not require very precise pre-matching, which is interesting as automatic matching remains a challenging task. Several constraints are proposed to preserve different kind of shape and relations between features, while conflating data. The framework is applied to a real land use parcels conflation problem with excellent results. The least squares based conflation is evaluated, notably with comparisons with existing techniques like rubber sheeting. The paper also describes how the framework can be extended to other geometrical optimization problems.
Keywords: conflation; least squares; shape; land use data; constraints conflation; least squares; shape; land use data; constraints
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Touya, G.; Coupé, A.; Jollec, J.L.; Dorie, O.; Fuchs, F. Conflation Optimized by Least Squares to Maintain Geographic Shapes. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2013, 2, 621-644.

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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. EISSN 2220-9964 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert