Robotics 2014, 3(2), 120-148; doi:10.3390/robotics3020120
Review

Recent Trends in Lower-Limb Robotic Rehabilitation Orthosis: Control Scheme and Strategy for Pneumatic Muscle Actuated Gait Trainers

1,2,* email and 1email
Received: 10 January 2014; in revised form: 17 March 2014 / Accepted: 21 March 2014 / Published: 14 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medical Robotics and Systems)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: It is a general assumption that pneumatic muscle-type actuators will play an important role in the development of an assistive rehabilitation robotics system. In the last decade, the development of a pneumatic muscle actuated lower-limb leg orthosis has been rather slow compared to other types of actuated leg orthoses that use AC motors, DC motors, pneumatic cylinders, linear actuators, series elastic actuators (SEA) and brushless servomotors. However, recent years have shown that the interest in this field has grown exponentially, mainly due to the demand for a more compliant and interactive human-robotics system. This paper presents a survey of existing lower-limb leg orthoses for rehabilitation, which implement pneumatic muscle-type actuators, such as McKibben artificial muscles, rubbertuators, air muscles, pneumatic artificial muscles (PAM) or pneumatic muscle actuators (PMA). It reviews all the currently existing lower-limb rehabilitation orthosis systems in terms of comparison and evaluation of the design, as well as the control scheme and strategy, with the aim of clarifying the current and on-going research in the lower-limb robotic rehabilitation field.
Keywords: pneumatic muscle-type actuators; co-contraction strategy of antagonistic actuators
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dzahir, M.A.M.; Yamamoto, S.-I. Recent Trends in Lower-Limb Robotic Rehabilitation Orthosis: Control Scheme and Strategy for Pneumatic Muscle Actuated Gait Trainers. Robotics 2014, 3, 120-148.

AMA Style

Dzahir MAM, Yamamoto S-I. Recent Trends in Lower-Limb Robotic Rehabilitation Orthosis: Control Scheme and Strategy for Pneumatic Muscle Actuated Gait Trainers. Robotics. 2014; 3(2):120-148.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dzahir, Mohd A.M.; Yamamoto, Shin-ichiroh. 2014. "Recent Trends in Lower-Limb Robotic Rehabilitation Orthosis: Control Scheme and Strategy for Pneumatic Muscle Actuated Gait Trainers." Robotics 3, no. 2: 120-148.

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