Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Alkali Atoms in Cold Medium of Astrophysical Relevance
Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg 199034, Russia
Instytut Fizyki im. Mariana Smoluchowskiego, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, 30-348 Kraków, Poland
Laser Centre, University of Latvia, LV-1002 Riga, Latvia
Astronomical Observatory, Volgina 7, 11060 Belgrad, Serbia
IHIS-Technoexperts, Bezanijska 23, 11080 Zemun, Serbia
Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon CEDEX, France
Institute of Physics, University of Belgrad, P.O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrad, Serbia
Pulkovo Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg 196140, Russia
Dipartimento di Fisica Enrico Fermi and CNISM, Università di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 21 November 2017 / Accepted: 2 December 2017 / Published: 6 December 2017
The time-dependent population dynamics of hyperfine (HF) sublevels of
atomic states upon laser excitation in a cold medium of alkali atoms is examined. We demonstrate some peculiarities of the absorption HF multiplet formation in D
2-line resulting from a long interaction time (∼200
s) interaction between light and Na (
) and Cs (
) atoms in a cold and slow sub-thermal (
K) beam. We analytically describe a number of D
2-line-shape effects that are of interest in spectroscopic studies of cold dusty white dwarfs: broadening by optical pumping, intensity redistribution within components of D
2-line HF multiplet for partially closed transitions and asymmetry of absorption lines induced by AC Stark shifts for cyclic transitions.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style
Efimov, D.K.; Bruvelis, M.; Bezuglov, N.N.; Dimitrijević, M.S.; Klyucharev, A.N.; Srećković, V.A.; Gnedin, Y.N.; Fuso, F. Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Alkali Atoms in Cold Medium of Astrophysical Relevance. Atoms 2017, 5, 50.
Efimov DK, Bruvelis M, Bezuglov NN, Dimitrijević MS, Klyucharev AN, Srećković VA, Gnedin YN, Fuso F. Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Alkali Atoms in Cold Medium of Astrophysical Relevance. Atoms. 2017; 5(4):50.
Efimov, Dmitry K.; Bruvelis, Martins; Bezuglov, Nikolai N.; Dimitrijević, Milan S.; Klyucharev, Andrey N.; Srećković, Vladimir A.; Gnedin, Yurij N.; Fuso, Francesco. 2017. "Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Alkali Atoms in Cold Medium of Astrophysical Relevance." Atoms 5, no. 4: 50.
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