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Atoms 2017, 5(4), 40; doi:10.3390/atoms5040040

Detailed Investigation of the Electric Discharge Plasma between Copper Electrodes Immersed into Water

1
Electronics and Computer Systems, Faculty of Radio Physics, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 64, Volodymyrska St., 01601 Kyiv, Ukraine
2
Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT; LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d’Energie), 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse CEDEX 9, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Milan S. Dimitrijević and Luka Cˇ Popovic
Received: 11 September 2017 / Revised: 15 October 2017 / Accepted: 16 October 2017 / Published: 23 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spectral Line Shapes in Astrophysics and Related Topics)
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Abstract

A phenomenological picture of pulsed electrical discharge in water is produced by combining electrical, spectroscopic, and imaging methods. The discharge is generated by applying ~350 μs long 100 to 220 V pulses (values of current from 400 to 1000 A, respectively) between the point-to-point copper electrodes submerged into the non-purified tap water. Plasma channel and gas bubble occur between the tips of the electrodes, which are initially in contact with each other. The study includes detailed experimental investigation of plasma parameters of such discharge using the correlation between time-resolved high-speed imaging, electrical characteristics, and optical emission spectroscopic data. Radial distributions of the electron density of plasma is estimated from the analysis of profiles and widths of registered Hα and Hβ hydrogen lines, and Cu I 515.3 nm line, exposed to the Stark mechanism of spectral lines’ broadening. Estimations of the electrodes’ erosion rate and bubbles’ size depending on the electrical input parameters of the circuit are presented. Experimental results of this work may be valuable for the advancement of modeling and the theoretical understanding of the pulse electric discharges in water. View Full-Text
Keywords: laboratory plasma; spectra; line profiles laboratory plasma; spectra; line profiles
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Venger, R.; Tmenova, T.; Valensi, F.; Veklich, A.; Cressault, Y.; Boretskij, V. Detailed Investigation of the Electric Discharge Plasma between Copper Electrodes Immersed into Water. Atoms 2017, 5, 40.

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