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Atoms 2017, 5(1), 14; doi:10.3390/atoms5010014

Electroweak Decay Studies of Highly Charged Radioactive Ions with TITAN at TRIUMF

1
Department of Physics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA
2
TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3, Canada
3
Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg, Heidelberg D-69117, Germany
4
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
5
Department of Physics, McGill University, Montréal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada
6
Institut für Kernphysik, Westfalische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster D-48149, Germany
7
Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 November 2016 / Revised: 21 February 2017 / Accepted: 13 March 2017 / Published: 21 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Perspectives of Atomic Physics with Trapped Highly Charged Ions)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8895 KB, uploaded 24 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Several modes of electroweak radioactive decay require an interaction between the nucleus and bound electrons within the constituent atom. Thus, the probabilities of the respective decays are not only influenced by the structure of the initial and final states in the nucleus, but can also depend strongly on the atomic charge. Conditions suitable for the partial or complete ionization of these rare isotopes occur naturally in hot, dense astrophysical environments, but can also be artificially generated in the laboratory to selectively block certain radioactive decay modes. Direct experimental studies on such scenarios are extremely difficult due to the laboratory conditions required to generate and store radioactive ions at high charge states. A new electron-beam ion trap (EBIT) decay setup with the TITAN experiment at TRIUMF has successfully demonstrated such techniques for performing spectroscopy on the radioactive decay of highly charged ions. View Full-Text
Keywords: radioactive decay; electroweak interaction; highly charged ions; electron-beam ion trap radioactive decay; electroweak interaction; highly charged ions; electron-beam ion trap
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Leach, K.G.; Dillmann, I.; Klawitter, R.; Leistenschneider, E.; Lennarz, A.; Brunner, T.; Frekers, D.; Andreoiu, C.; Kwiatkowski, A.A.; Dilling, J. Electroweak Decay Studies of Highly Charged Radioactive Ions with TITAN at TRIUMF
. Atoms 2017, 5, 14.

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