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Electronics 2017, 6(4), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics6040070

Through-Wall Single and Multiple Target Imaging Using MIMO Radar

1
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2
U.S. Army RDECOM CERDEC, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Aberdeen, MD 21005, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 August 2017 / Revised: 13 September 2017 / Accepted: 18 September 2017 / Published: 23 September 2017

Abstract

The ability to perform target detection through walls and barriers is important for law enforcement, homeland security, and search and rescue teams. Multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) radar provides an improvement over traditional phased array radars for through-wall imaging. By transmitting independent waveforms from a transmit array to a receive array, an effective virtual array is created. This array has improved degrees of freedom over phased arrays and mono-static MIMO systems. This virtual array allows us to achieve the same effective aperture length as a phased array with a lower number of elements because the virtual array can be described as the convolution of transmit and receive array positions. In addition, data from multiple walls of the same room can be used to collect target information. If two walls are perpendicular to each other and the geometry of transmit and receive arrays is known, then data can be processed independently of each other. Since the geometry of the arrays is known, a target scene can be created where the two data sets overlap. The overlapped scene can then be processed so that image artifacts that do not correlate between the data sets can be excised. The result gives improved target detection, reduction in false alarms, robustness to noise, and robustness against errors such as improperly aligned antennas. This paper explores MIMO radar techniques for target detection and localization behind building walls and addresses different mitigation techniques, such as a singular value decomposition of wavelet transform method to improve localization and detection of targets. Together, these techniques demonstrate methods that show a reduction in size and complexity of traditional through-wall radar systems while still providing accurate detection and localization. The use of the range migration algorithm in single and multi-target scenarios is shown to provide adequate imaging of through the wall targets in near and far field. Also, a multi-view algorithm is used to provide improved target detection and localization by fusing together multiple wall views. View Full-Text
Keywords: MIMO radar; through-wall radar; ultra-wideband radar; virtual arrays; through-wall imaging; range-migration algorithm; singular value decomposition MIMO radar; through-wall radar; ultra-wideband radar; virtual arrays; through-wall imaging; range-migration algorithm; singular value decomposition
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Narayanan, R.M.; Gebhardt, E.T.; Broderick, S.P. Through-Wall Single and Multiple Target Imaging Using MIMO Radar. Electronics 2017, 6, 70.

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