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Cosmetics 2018, 5(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics5010004

The Impact of Pollution on Skin and Proper Efficacy Testing for Anti-Pollution Claims

1
In vitro Plant-tech AB, SE-216 18 Limhamn, Sweden
2
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, SE-205 06 Malmö, Sweden
3
Biofilms—Research Center for Biointerfaces, Malmö University, SE-205 06 Malmö, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2017 / Revised: 22 December 2017 / Accepted: 26 December 2017 / Published: 2 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antipollution Cosmetics: Trends, Test and Issues)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [491 KB, uploaded 23 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

Exposure to pollution can cause oxidative stress, premature ageing, inflammation, and diseases. Since most of us are exposed to pollution, protection is important. This can be achieved through skin protection or through protection with respect to food and food supplements. There is a wide range of products on the market with anti-pollution claims. However, it is important that these claims are thoroughly validated by proper efficacy testing. When skin cells are exposed to pollution factors, changes in a number of skin properties can be observed, such as lipid composition, lipid and protein oxidation, pH, sebum secretion rate, oxidative stress, inflammation markers, and collagen and elastin levels. These can be measured and used as markers to verify anti-pollution claims. In the present review, we summarize some of the most important in vitro and in vivo tests that are used to determine if an ingredient or formulation has anti-pollution efficacy. View Full-Text
Keywords: pollution; mechanisms of action; skin cells; in vivo and in vitro anti-pollution efficacy pollution; mechanisms of action; skin cells; in vivo and in vitro anti-pollution efficacy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Rembiesa, J.; Ruzgas, T.; Engblom, J.; Holefors, A. The Impact of Pollution on Skin and Proper Efficacy Testing for Anti-Pollution Claims. Cosmetics 2018, 5, 4.

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