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Resources 2018, 7(2), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7020033

Comparative Research on River Basin Management in the Sagami River Basin (Japan) and the Muda River Basin (Malaysia)

1
School of Humanities, Geography Department, University Science of Malaysia, Penang 11800, Malaysia
2
School of Data Science, Yokohama City University, 22-2 Seto, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama-shi 236-0027, Japan
3
Department of Integrative Genomics, Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8573, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 March 2018 / Revised: 4 May 2018 / Accepted: 15 May 2018 / Published: 24 May 2018
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Abstract

In the world, river basins often interwoven into two or more states or prefectures and because of that, disputes over water are common. Nevertheless, not all shared river basins are associated with water conflicts. Rivers in Japan and Malaysia play a significant role in regional economic development. They also play a significant role as water sources for industrial, domestic, agricultural, aquaculture, hydroelectric power generation, and the environment. The research aim is to determine the similarities and differences between the Sagami and Muda River Basins in order to have a better understanding of the governance needed for effectively implementing the lessons drawn from the Sagami River Basin for improving the management of the Muda River Basin in Malaysia. This research adopts qualitative and quantitative approaches. Semi-structured interviews were held with the key stakeholders from both basins and show that Japan has endeavored to present policy efforts to accommodate the innovative approaches in the management of their water resources, including the establishment of a river basin council. In Malaysia, there is little or no stakeholder involvement in the Muda River Basin, and the water resource management is not holistic and is not integrated as it should be. Besides that, there is little or no Integrated Resources Water Management, a pre-requisite for sustainable water resources. The results from this comparative study concluded that full support and participation from public stakeholders (meaning the non-government and non-private sector stakeholders) is vital for achieving sustainable water use in the Muda River Basin. Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) approaches such as the introduction of payments for ecosystems services and the development of river basin organization in the Muda River Basin should take place in the spirit of political willingness. View Full-Text
Keywords: water governance; stakeholder participation; Sagami River Basin; Muda River Basin water governance; stakeholder participation; Sagami River Basin; Muda River Basin
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Sim, L.M.; Onishi, A.; Gervais, O.; Chan, N.W. Comparative Research on River Basin Management in the Sagami River Basin (Japan) and the Muda River Basin (Malaysia). Resources 2018, 7, 33.

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