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Resources 2017, 6(4), 65; doi:10.3390/resources6040065

Aquatic-Derived Biomaterials for a Sustainable Future: A European Opportunity

Department of Applied Science and Technology DISAT, Polytechnic of Torino, Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
Received: 23 September 2017 / Revised: 3 November 2017 / Accepted: 10 November 2017 / Published: 12 November 2017
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The valorization of aquatic-derived biowastes as possible feedstock for the production of value-added chemicals and materials is proposed here as a sustainable alternative compared to the exploitation of the more conventional (fossil) resources. In this context, the comprehension of the opportunity related to the valorization of the shellfish industry biowaste for the production of useful materials, especially focusing on chitin and its derived byproducts, is investigated. The large amount of waste produced each year by the shellfish processing industry seems to be an appealing opportunity for the European market to produce valuable products from underutilized waste. In order to highlight this important market-opportunity, the actual European situation concerning the shellfish volume of production is presented. The industrial processes necessary for the recovery of chitin, chitosan, and their derivatives are largely described, together with a wide description of their peculiar (and interesting) physicochemical properties. Even if nowadays the scientific literature suggests that this class of biopolymers is very appealing, further research is still necessary for overcoming some criticisms still present in the extraction and valorization of such substrates. However, the principles of both circular economy and green chemistry encourage the reduction of such biowastes and their exploitation as an alternative resource for a global sustainable future. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquatic environment; biomass valorization; biopolymers; biorefinery; chitin; chitosan; shellfish waste management; sustainable materials aquatic environment; biomass valorization; biopolymers; biorefinery; chitin; chitosan; shellfish waste management; sustainable materials

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nisticò, R. Aquatic-Derived Biomaterials for a Sustainable Future: A European Opportunity. Resources 2017, 6, 65.

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