Using Social, Economic and Land-Use Indices to Build a Local Sustainability Index in a Mining Region of the Sierra Tarahumara, Mexico
AbstractOre mining has served as a predictor of economic wellbeing since it brought development to countries. However, these benefits do not always extend to all localities that comprised the center of this industry. This paper examined the contribution of mining to local communities. An index of local sustainability was constructed based on economic, social, and land-use data from twelve localities where mining and forestry are their major economic activities. Land-use variables were obtained from Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM 5) images for 2000, and Landsat Operational Land Imager (OLI8) for 2014, while the socio-economic variables were collected in twelve localities with an 85-question survey. A sustainability index was developed for each group of variables—economic (ESI), social (SSI) and land-use sustainability index (LUSI)—to further build a local sustainability index (LSI). Three localities showed the highest ESI (0.61, 0.53 and 0.43) and SSI (0.90, 0.79 and 0.78), while two localities had the lowest values in the ESI and SSI. In contrast, the highest value of LUSI was found in two other different localities and in one with lower SSI. Income from mining activities is positively associated with the ESI and SSI, but there was no evidence of linear association with the LUSI. A local index of sustainability provides useful information for planning and development strategies. View Full-Text
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Pinedo-Álvarez, C.; Chacón-Chumacero, K.O.; Pinedo-Álvarez, A.; Martínez-Salvador, M.; Rentería-Villalobos, M.; Santellano-Estrada, E.; Rodríguez-Piñeros, S. Using Social, Economic and Land-Use Indices to Build a Local Sustainability Index in a Mining Region of the Sierra Tarahumara, Mexico. Resources 2017, 6, 42.
Pinedo-Álvarez C, Chacón-Chumacero KO, Pinedo-Álvarez A, Martínez-Salvador M, Rentería-Villalobos M, Santellano-Estrada E, Rodríguez-Piñeros S. Using Social, Economic and Land-Use Indices to Build a Local Sustainability Index in a Mining Region of the Sierra Tarahumara, Mexico. Resources. 2017; 6(3):42.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pinedo-Álvarez, Carmelo; Chacón-Chumacero, Karla O.; Pinedo-Álvarez, Alfredo; Martínez-Salvador, Martín; Rentería-Villalobos, Marusia; Santellano-Estrada, Eduardo; Rodríguez-Piñeros, Sandra. 2017. "Using Social, Economic and Land-Use Indices to Build a Local Sustainability Index in a Mining Region of the Sierra Tarahumara, Mexico." Resources 6, no. 3: 42.