Next Article in Journal
An Innovative Device to Convert Olive Mill Wastewater into a Suitable Effluent for Feeding Purple Non-Sulfur Photosynthetic Bacteria
Previous Article in Journal
A Columbia River Basalt Group Aquifer in Sustained Drought: Insight from Geophysical Methods
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Resources 2015, 4(3), 597-620; doi:10.3390/resources4030597

Resource Targets in Europe and Worldwide: An Overview

Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment, Energy, Doeppersberg 19, Wuppertal 42103, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Damien Giurco
Received: 20 April 2015 / Revised: 17 July 2015 / Accepted: 4 August 2015 / Published: 11 August 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [276 KB, uploaded 11 August 2015]

Abstract

For 20 years, the number of resource policy approaches with direct and indirect relations to raw materials, resource and material efficiency has grown enormously at national and international level. This discussion paper makes an inventory of different political and regulatory approaches that contain a direct or indirect reference to resources such as construction materials, industrial minerals, or metals. They are examined and evaluated regarding foci and resource priorities as well as further categories such as target lines, governance levels, indicators used, integration into wider target systems, specification, and implementation. The aim is to provide an overview of the spectrum of resource objectives in international, European, and national strategies, programs, and initiatives. The closer analysis of raw material targets embedded in the policy programs and legal approaches reveals that most goals lack a time frame and a concrete vision, thus remain at a strategic level. To complement the overview, the state of research in the field of modeling and simulation is briefly discussed. Concluding remarks concerning their relation to the objectives identified and the task of target setting complete the discussion. View Full-Text
Keywords: resource management; resource policy; resource efficiency; material efficiency resource management; resource policy; resource efficiency; material efficiency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bahn-Walkowiak, B.; Steger, S. Resource Targets in Europe and Worldwide: An Overview. Resources 2015, 4, 597-620.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Resources EISSN 2079-9276 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top