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Resources 2015, 4(2), 203-226; doi:10.3390/resources4020203

Climate Change Impacts on Oklahoma Wind Resources: Potential Energy Output Changes

1
Geography Department, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
2
EDP Renewables North America, 808 Travis, Suite 700 Houston, TX 77002, USA
3
Department of Geography and Environmental Sustainability, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frede Blaabjerg
Received: 19 December 2014 / Revised: 14 March 2015 / Accepted: 3 April 2015 / Published: 21 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spatial and Temporal Variation of the Wind Resource)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1975 KB, uploaded 21 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

An extensive literature on climate change modeling points to future changes in wind climates. Some areas are projected to gain wind resources, while others are projected to lose wind resources. Oklahoma is presently wind rich with this resource extensively exploited for power generation. Our work examined the wind power implications under the IPCC’s A2 scenario for the decades 2040–2049, 2050–2059 and 2060–2069 as compared to model reanalysis and Oklahoma Mesonetwork observations for the base decade of 1990–1999. Using two western Oklahoma wind farms as examples, we used North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP) modeling outputs to calculate changes in wind power generation. The results show both wind farms to gain in output for all decades as compared to 1990–1999. Yet, the results are uneven by seasons and with some decades exhibiting decreases in the fall. These results are of interest in that it is clear that investors cannot count on wind studies of the present to adequately characterize future productivity. If our results are validated over time, Oklahoma stands to gain wind resources through the next several decades. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind resource and climate change; Oklahoma; wind power generation wind resource and climate change; Oklahoma; wind power generation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Stadler, S.; Dryden, J.M., Jr.; Greene, J.S. Climate Change Impacts on Oklahoma Wind Resources: Potential Energy Output Changes. Resources 2015, 4, 203-226.

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