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Biology 2012, 1(3), 880-894; doi:10.3390/biology1030880
Article

Climate Predictions Accelerate Decline for Threatened Macrozamia Cycads from Queensland, Australia

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Received: 3 October 2012; in revised form: 26 November 2012 / Accepted: 7 December 2012 / Published: 14 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Implications of Climate Change)
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Abstract: Changes in the potential habitat of five allopatric species of threatened Macrozamia cycads under scenarios of increased ambient temperature were examined. A lack of seed dispersal, poor recruitment, low seedling survival, obligate pollinator mutualisms and continued habitat loss have led to extant populations being largely restricted to refugia. Models predict that the area of suitable habitat will further contract and move upslope, resulting in a reduced incidence within protected areas with increasing annual mean temperature. Areas of potential habitat for all five species are also predicted to become increasingly isolated from one another, further reducing the exchange between metapopulations and subpopulations, exacerbating existing threatening processes.
Keywords: climate change; conservation planning; cycads; distribution; Macrozamia; Maxent; Queensland, Australia; threatened species climate change; conservation planning; cycads; distribution; Macrozamia; Maxent; Queensland, Australia; threatened species
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Laidlaw, M.J.; Forster, P.I. Climate Predictions Accelerate Decline for Threatened Macrozamia Cycads from Queensland, Australia. Biology 2012, 1, 880-894.

AMA Style

Laidlaw MJ, Forster PI. Climate Predictions Accelerate Decline for Threatened Macrozamia Cycads from Queensland, Australia. Biology. 2012; 1(3):880-894.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Laidlaw, Melinda J.; Forster, Paul I. 2012. "Climate Predictions Accelerate Decline for Threatened Macrozamia Cycads from Queensland, Australia." Biology 1, no. 3: 880-894.


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