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Dynamic Post-Transcriptional Regulation of HIV-1 Gene Expression
AbstractGene expression of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is a highly regulated process. Basal transcription of the integrated provirus generates early transcripts that encode for the viral products Tat and Rev. Tat promotes the elongation of RNA polymerase while Rev mediates the nuclear export of viral RNAs that contain the Rev-responsive RNA element (RRE). These RNAs are exported from the nucleus to allow expression of Gag-Pol and Env proteins and for the production of full-length genomic RNAs. A balance exists between completely processed mRNAs and RRE-containing RNAs. Rev functions as an adaptor that recruits cellular factors to re-direct singly spliced and unspliced viral RNAs to nuclear export. The aim of this review is to address the dynamic regulation of this post-transcriptional pathway in light of recent findings that implicate several novel cellular cofactors of Rev function.
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Kula, A.; Marcello, A. Dynamic Post-Transcriptional Regulation of HIV-1 Gene Expression. Biology 2012, 1, 116-133.View more citation formats
Kula A, Marcello A. Dynamic Post-Transcriptional Regulation of HIV-1 Gene Expression. Biology. 2012; 1(2):116-133.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kula, Anna; Marcello, Alessandro. 2012. "Dynamic Post-Transcriptional Regulation of HIV-1 Gene Expression." Biology 1, no. 2: 116-133.