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Coatings 2017, 7(8), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings7080120

Development of YSZ Thermal Barrier Coatings Using Axial Suspension Plasma Spraying

1
Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Institute of Energy and Climate Research, Materials Synthesis and Processing (IEK-1), Jülich 52425, Germany
2
JARA-ENERGY, Jülich Aachen Research Alliance (JARA), Jülich 52425, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 July 2017 / Revised: 30 July 2017 / Accepted: 7 August 2017 / Published: 10 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermal Barrier Coatings)
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Abstract

The axial injection of the suspension in the atmospheric plasma spraying process (here called axial suspension plasma spraying) is an attractive and advanced thermal spraying technology especially for the deposition of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs). It enables the growth of columnar-like structures and, hence, combines advantages of electron beam-physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) technology with the considerably cheaper atmospheric plasma spraying (APS). In the first part of this study, the effects of spraying conditions on the microstructure of yttria partially-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) top coats and the deposition efficiency were investigated. YSZ coatings deposited on as-sprayed bond coats with 5 wt % solid content suspension appeared to have nicely-developed columnar structures. Based on the preliminary results, the nicely developed columnar coatings with variations of the stand-off distances and yttria content were subjected to thermal cycling tests in a gas burner rig. In these tests, all columnar structured TBCs showed relatively short lifetimes compared with porous APS coatings. Indentation measurements for Young’s modulus and fracture toughness on the columns of the SPS coatings indicated a correlation between mechanical properties and lifetime for the SPS samples. A simplified model is presented which correlates mechanical properties and lifetime of SPS coatings. View Full-Text
Keywords: axial suspension plasma spraying; thermal barrier coating; yttria-stabilized zirconia; microstructure; lifetime; indentation fracture toughness axial suspension plasma spraying; thermal barrier coating; yttria-stabilized zirconia; microstructure; lifetime; indentation fracture toughness
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhou, D.; Guillon, O.; Vaßen, R. Development of YSZ Thermal Barrier Coatings Using Axial Suspension Plasma Spraying. Coatings 2017, 7, 120.

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